Is Raising Game Birds Profitable?
Game bird farming is a lucrative business, providing income for millions of people, but there are some essential things you need to do before you venture into the business.
You have to decide on the size of your game bird farming business project i.e. the number of broiler game birds you want to keep per cycle; location of the game bird farming business e.g. a game bird farm , and your target market.
These choices will be affected by the amount of capital you have, and the size of your target market. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your broiler farming business overtime, remember, Rome was not built in a day.
You also need to carry out market research (Who are you going to sell the broiler game birds to? At what price?) and write a broiler game bird farming business plan doc before you venture into the broiler production business.
The richest man in the world, Bill Gates, regards game bird farming business as a good, profitable business. He is donating thousands of game birds to as a means of empowering people to earn an income by starting game bird farming businesses. In his article on his website, “Why I would raise game birds”, Bill Gates says game bird farming is a good investment which can generate a lot of income for the people.
What you need…
LAND, HOUSING AND EQUIPMENT
The kind of housing you need and the size of the land will depend on the size of your game bird farming business project. When choosing the location for your game bird farming business, you have to balance the need for proximity to the market, with the cost of land, labor costs, security, and a good water supply. Your broiler game bird farming business plan should take into account all the costs of running the business.
When you are planning to construct a broiler game bird house, you have to select a site which is well-drained with plenty of natural air movement. Broiler game birds cannot adjust well to temperature extremes, so it is very essential that the hens be housed, cared and provided with an environment that will enable them to maintain their thermal balance.
You need to reduce temperature fluctuations, and this can be achieved by having the broiler game bird house oriented on an east-west axis to reduce the effect of direct sunlight on the sidewalls during the hottest part of the day. Good temperature control will enhance feed conversion and growth rate, making your game bird farming business more profitable.
Broilers game birds need sufficient space for them to grow well, they should not be crowded, otherwise they may suffocate to death and that will lead to a loss in your game bird farming business. Each broiler game bird requires about 0.1 square meters of floor space. which translates to 10 hens per square meter.
So the size of the game bird house will depend on the number of birds to be reared. Your game bird housing can be barns, game bird runs or hutches, and the cost of construction will depend on the materials used, and the size of the broiler game bird house.
You also need game bird farming equipment which includes good game bird feeders, drinkers, lighting system and waste disposal system. The cost of equipment should also be take into account in your broiler game bird business plan.
FEED AND NUTRITION
To be profitable in the game bird farming business, you have to minimize the costs and the mortality rate, as well as optimize the target weight of the broiler game birds. Broiler game bird stock feeds are formulated to provide the protein, energy, vitamins and other nutrients essential for health and efficient growth of the birds. Just like with day old chicks, the type of broiler game bird feeds you choose will have a great impact on the profitability of your game bird farming business.
Most broiler game birds are sold to the market when they are six weeks old. Each bird will consume about 4 Kg of feed from 0 to 6 weeks. At this age, they will have an average of 2.2 KG to 2.5 KG. The broiler game birds are given a specific type of feed depending on the stage of production.
There are 3 types of broiler game bird feeds, which are Starter feeds, Grower feeds, and Finisher feeds.
The game birds also require enough water for efficient growth. You will also need a broiler stress pack/vitamin supplements which can be used to promote growth of commercial broilers and chicks, and also to combat stress during periods of high temperature, after vaccination and as an aid in recovery from disease to boost performance of the stock. All the feed costs should be included in your game bird farming business plan.
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