Water buffaloes might not exactly be commonly kept livestock among farmers, but they can be easily raised by any body around in the world. They are also resistant to diseases, thus you don’t need to spend lots on vets.
Buffalo milk is a unique kind of milk that has an in demand market with not a whole lot of livestock farmers supplying. It’s milk is suitable for making butter, cheese and yogurt.
The water buffalo meat tastes lots nicer than beef. It also consists of half of the cholesterol and 1/4th the amount of fat rendering it more healthy as well. It’s very costly thus rendering it a profitable business industry.
Raising The Water Buffalo For Income
Water buffalo are being used for ploughing and other kinds of work force, and as a source of meat, strong leather and milk. They are found around Asia and in addition in countries like Turkey, Italy, Australia and Egypt as well.
They are mostly seen in areas where there is a lot of rainfall or water because they get dehydrated quickly and need water and mud to wallow around in. The water buffalo population in the world is about 172 million, with 96 % of them in Asia.
Water buffalo are known as carabao in the Philippines and are regarded as the national animal there. In India their milk is a major source of protein. In Southeast Asia they plough hemp gardens.
One Thai animal farmer said, “they’re the anchor of the nation and are important to our way of life. “Known as the “living tractor of the East,” they have since been introduced to Europe, Africa, the Americas, Australia, Japan, and Hawaii. There are seventy four types of domestic water buffalo.
The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a big bovid found on the Indian subcontinent to Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, in Sri Lanka, in Luzon Island (Philippines), and in Borneo. The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) native to Southeast Asia is known as a different species but most likely represents the ancestor of the domestic water buffalo.
There are two kinds of water buffalo–each know as a subspecies–are based on morphological and behavioural criteria:
1) the river buffalo of the Indian subcontinent and west to the Balkans and Italy; plus
2) the swamp buffalo, found from Assam in the west going through Southeast Asia to the Yangtze area of China towards the east.
The origins of the domestic water buffalo types are debated, although results of a phylogenetic research indicate that the swamp type may have originated in China and domesticated around 4,000 years back, while the river kind may have came from India and was domesticated about 5,000 years ago.
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the river buffalo was around by 2500 BC in India and 1000 BC in Mesopotamia. The breed was chosen mainly for its milk, which contains 8 % butterfat. Breeds range from the Murrah with their curled horns, the Surati, and the Jafarabadi.
Swamp buffalo so much closely look like wild water buffalo and are being used as draft livestock in rice paddies throughout Southeast Asia. Types of breeds range from the 900-kg (2, 000-pound) Thai and haizi to the 400-kg wenzhou and carabao. Kids get on the back of them to their wallows after their labours and clean their faces plus ears.
Water buffaloes are especially well suited for tilling hemp fields, and their milk is richer in fat and more protein than that of the dairy cow. Through much of Southeast Asia and South Asia water buffalo remain the main draft livestock for cultivation, although tractors have substituted them in many areas, particularly where crops besides rice are produced.
Buffalo, predominantly of the swamp breed is very suited to paddy culture. It’s capable to flourish on rough fodder and roughage indigestible by other livestock, and can be found in all kinds of farming areas.
Even in poor places, small paddy farmers mostly own at least one animal. Following maturing, buffalo can be used as draft animals for 5 or 6 years, or until they are very old to work, then they are killed for meat production.